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Computer Fundaments - Question Answers, Computer Basics


CONTROL PANEL

 

How to open control panel?

Go to start menu → control panel 

OR window +R → type control panel

 

How to change the mouse pointer?

Go to control panel → printer and other hardware  → mouse → click on pointers browse → select pointer→ open → apply → ok

 

 

How to see the user account?

Press window + L

 

How to create a user account?

Go to control panel → user account → create user account → next → create a/c

 

How to give a password in a user account?

Click on user account → create password → give password to times → close the user account

How to remove any program?

Go to control panel → add or remove program → click on program → apply → ok

 

How to open user account when not remember his password?

Alt + ctrl + delete → type administrator → ok

 

How to change the time & date?

Go to control panel → click on date & time, Language, and regional options → click on change the date & time → apply → ok

 

How to use mouse keys?

Press shift key for five times → go to setting → mouse → click on mouse key → apply → ok

 

How to change cursor blink rate and cursor width?

Press shift key for five times → go to setting → display → Blink rate → apply → ok

 

How to change currency symbol  for Ms -Excel?

Go to Control panel → go to Regional and Language option →Customize → click on currency → currency symbol → apply → ok

 

How to set text (any name ) with time in taskbar?

Go to Control panel → go to Regional and Language option →Customize → click on time → AM symbol → apply → ok

 

How to create a folder in a start menu?

Right click on start menu → open → create folder → close the start menu  

       

MS PAINT

 

What is extension name of paint?

Dot BMP

 

How to open ms paint?

Go to start menu → all program → accessories → ms paint → ok

Window + R → mspaint → ok

 

What is difference save & save as?

Save is a option by which we storage any picture & save as is a option by which we can storage any saved picture with other name.

 

How to save a picture?

Go to file menu → save→ give file name → ok

 

How to save as a picture?

Go to file menu → save as→ give file name → ok

      

How to save a picture to the background?

Save the picture → go to file menu → set as background (center)

 

How to draw a state line?

Shift +line draw

NOTEPAD

 

 

What is extension name of notepad?

Dot txt

 

How to open notepad?

Go to start menu → all program → accessories → notepad

OR Press:- window + R → notepad → ok

 

How to find a word?

Go to edit menu → find → give find word name → find next.

 

How to use replace a word?

Go to edit menu → replace → find word → replace word → replace all.

 

Format Menu

 

How to use word wrap?

Go to format menu → word wrap for text.

 

What is word warp option?

When we write a text if word warp have no check mark than text write many line but if word warp have check marks than text write a single line.

 

How to use font?

Go to format menu → font → font style → size → ok

 

View Menu

 

What is view option?

This option use for hide /unhide a status bar. It highlight when word wrap is off.

 

WORD PAD

 

What is word pad?

Word pad is an option by which we can create and edit simple text document with complex formatting and graphics .we can save our word pad file a text or rich text file and insert object from another program.

 

What is extension name of word pad?

Dot RTF

 

How to open word pad?

Go to start menu → all program → accessories → wordpad

OR press window + R→ wordpad → ok

 

How to use font?

Go to format menu → font → font style → give size → script → ok

 

How to use paragraph?

Select any paragraph →go to format menu → paragraph → indentation → ok

 

How to use tab option?

Go to format menu → tab → tab stop position → ok

 

MS-DOS

 

 

Full name of MS-DOS: - Microsoft Disk Operating System .

MS –DOS :- It is an operating system developed by Microsoft Corporation in 1981 for personal computers.

 

How works MS-DOS?

DOS works as an agent which established a link between hardware and software .It translates the command given by keyboard and mouse in such a language that can be interpreted by computer.It control all hardware component of computer.  

 

What is difference between windows and MS-Dos?

MS Dos support CUI (Character User Interface) whereas Windows support GUI ( Graphical User Interface)

 

How to open dos?

Go to start menu → all program → accessories→ command prompt →ok

OR start → run → type → Command → ok 

OR window +R → type CMD→ ok

 

Full screen: - alt +enter

 

 

 

How to go exit from many directories?

CD\→ enter

C:\>  is called C drive or command prompt .

 

How to change the drive?

E: →enter

 

How to clear screen?

CLS   →enter 

 

How to make the file?

COPY→ space → CON→ file name → enter → write the text → press ctrl +z → enter

 

What is a directory ?

Directory is a group of files and folders.

 

How to see files and directories of the drive?

Dir → enter

 

How to see contents of the file?

Type space file name→ enter

 

How to rename an existing file?

REN→ space → old file name → space → new file name → enter

 

How to delete an existing file?

Del→ space → file name → enter

 

How to see the time?

Time → enter

 

How to see the date?

Date → enter

 

How to close the dos?

Exit → enter, ALT +F4

 

How to make the directory?

MD → space → directory name → enter

 

How to see or change into the particular directory?

CD→ space → file name → enter

 

How to exit from one directory?

CD . .   →enter 

 

 

 

How to see tree structure of  a directory ?

Tree/F space directory name

 

How to remove the empty directory?

Rd → space → directory name → enter

 

How to delete a directory its subdirectories and files?

RD/S space directory name

 

How to edit text in file?

Edit →space → file name → enter → edit text → go to file menu → save → edit → enter

 

How to copy the file in another file?

Copy →space → old file name → space → other file name → enter

 

How to copy the file to directory?

Copy →space → old file name → space → directory name → enter

To Check :- Dir directory name

 

How to copy the directory into another directory?

Copy →space → old directory name → space → other directory name → enter

 

How to move the file into another file?

Move →space → old file name → space → other file name → enter

 

How to move the file to directory?

Move →space → old file name → space → directory name → enter

To Check :- Dir directory name

 

How to move the directory into another directory?

Move →space → old directory name → space → other directory name → enter

 

How to hide a File or directory ?

Attrib →space → +h→ space → file name → enter

 

How to unhide a File or directory ?

Attrib → space → -h→ space → file name → enter

 

How to make a file for read only?

Attrib →space → +R→ space → file name → enter

Note:- To check Edit space filename→ enter

 

How to make a writable?

Attrib → space → -R→ space → file name → enter

 

How to see read only files ?

Dir / ar → enter

 

How to see hidden files and directories ?

Dir / ah → enter

 

How to see files and directories page wise?

Dir /p → enter

 

How to see directory increasing & decreasing order?

Dir / o-n → enter (decreasing)

Dir /on → enter (increasing)

 

How to see file only?

Dir / a-d → enter

 

How to see directories only?

Dir / ad → enter

 

How to see the sub directory?

Dir/ S/P → enter

Ctrl + C → For cancel

 

How to see the value(code) of color?

Color → space → R → enter

 

How to set the color?

Color →space → color code → enter 

 

How to change MS-Dos command prompt ?

Prompt space text

To see prompt code :- Prompt/? Space enter

Prompt $P$G → C:\>

 

How to see the version?

Ver → enter

 

How to see the volume of drive ?

Vol → enter

 

How to change label of drive ?

Label → enter

 

How to create Batch File for different commands ?

Copy con filename.Bat → enter

Date

Time

Ver

Vol

Label

Press:- F6- Enter

To run all these commands: -Filename space →enter

 

How to find text into a file  ?

(i)Find/I space “String(word)” space filename →enter

It ignores all lines not containing the string.  

 

(ii)Find/V space “String(word)” space filename →enter

It displays all lines not containing the string. 

(iii)Find/C space “String(word)” space filename →enter

It displays count of lines which containing the string. 

 

(iv)Find/N space “String(word)” space filename →enter

It displays number of lines which containing the string. 

 

How to Sort the lines of any file (A to Z)?

Sort →space →filename → enter

 

How to Sort the lines of any file (Z to A)?

Sort/R →space →filename → enter

 

How to check Disk Properties of drive ?

CHKDSK →space → enter

 

How to shutdown system with a dos command ?

Shutdown →space →-s → enter

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